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Water Flooding And Eor For Improving Hydrocarbon Recovery


February 16 - 20, 2020

S. Ibrahimu, P. Eng., Ph.D


This course is aimed at reservoir, petroleum and exploitation engineers/technologists, and geologists who are involved in the area of EOR schemes.


This course provides a complete review of the waterflood scheme being the most proven, lowest cost, and applicable to various types of reservoirs. The various steps of waterflood implementation including cursory screening of candidate fields, scheme planning, design, and the estimation of the expected recovery using the most common methods in the industry.

Additional improvements in oil recovery using the most common secondary and tertiary methods are also discussed. Method mechansim, limitations, expected performance, and estimation of the expected recovery, are discussed. Design procedures and laboratory tests required are reviewed for the various EOR schemes including the application of CO2, miscible gas, steam, and chemical floods. Interesting class examples using actual field data will presented. A detailed course hand-out which is an excellent reference, will be provided.


Petroleum Geology:

  • Main elements of petroleum reservoirs: hydrocarbon migration & traps
  • Depositional environment and impact on reservoir quality
  • Reservoir facies and heterogeneity

Rock Properties:

  • Porosity types, permeability: relative, absolute, effective
  • Rock wettability and capillary pressure

Fluid Properties:

  • Hydrocarbon classifications
  • Fluid behaviors; oil and gas physical properties (class problem)
  • Fluid sampling and PVT analysis

Reservoir Drive Mechanisms:
  • Primary, secondary, and tertiary recovery schemes
  • Performance characteristics of different reservoir drive mechanisms

Reserves Determination:

  • Volumetric, material balance, and probabilistic methods (class problem)
  • Decline analysis
  • Empirical method (Russian method !)

Waterflood Schemes:

  • Review and screening of EOR schemes
  • Waterflood displacement mechansim (fractional flow, Buckley Leverett) Scheme planning and design Factors that impact oil recovery
  • Prediction of recovery effeciency using Dykstra and Parsons, Stiles method and other empirical techniques

EOR schemes:

  • Scheme screening and limitations
  • Laboratory tests to define key parameters to optimize scheme design
  • Physical properties of injected fluids
  • Expected incremental oil recovery
  • Scheme planning and design
  • Performance monitoring

CO2 flooding
Gas miscible flooding
Chemical flooding
Steam flooding
In-situ combustion


First day will be held at Holiday Inn (Former Sofitel Hotel), in Cairo. The participants will fly the next day to Hurghada. The course will be continued in Hurghada.


Inclusive of refreshment and lunch at the Holiday Inn (Former Sofitel Hotel). Air Ticket Cairo/Hurghada return and accommodation in Hurghada.


Saad Ibrahim, P.Eng.,an independent consultant and president of Petro-Management Group Ltd., established in Calgary (1994). Graduated from the University of Alexandria (Egypt) with B.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering in 1973. He also completed a post-graduate program with the University of Calgary, Canada, in Chemical and Petroleum Engineering in 1983.

Mr. Ibrahim has 30 years of reservoir/production engineering experience in Western Canada (with Amoco, BP and Husky) and internationally in Yemen (with Nexen Petroleum International Ltd.), Algeria, Libya, Tanzania, Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, Venezuela, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. The focus of Mr. Ibrahim's experience lies in the area of well-test planning/analysis and reservoir management. Mr. Ibrahim has participated in numereous interesting projects such as:

  • Field development and implementation of the Masila Block in Yemen for Canadian Occidental; currently producing over 200,000 B/d
  • The acquisition of Yuzhneftegas by Hurricane Hydrocarbons (currently PetroKazakhstan) and the development of several field in the Turgi basin
  • Design of a gas storage project in the Hussar area for Husky Energy in Canada with a target production rate of 200 MMscf/d
  • Designed numerous EOR projects including waterflooding and miscible flood techniques.
  • Applications of horizontal well technology in naturally fractured reservoirs, water injection and oil field development projects in Western Canada and internationally
  • Well test planning/analysis for numerous projects around the world
  • Conduct numerous training programs in North America and Internationally

Mr. Ibrahim has lectured for the Petroleum Society (CIM), Calgary International Petroleum Conference, and for several exploration and production companies. Mr. Ibrahim published a technical paper titled "Well Test Data Goes Electronic", in the JCPT April 1999. Mr. Ibrahim was on the Reserve Panel of the 4th International Conference in Calgary on Horizontal Well Technology. Mr. Ibrahim is a member with the APEGGA and SPE.